What a cook does
The work of a cook is to prepare meals for consumption. The preparation of meals usually takes place in a kitchen. Meals include food as well as beverages. In the preparation of group meals as in a hotel the kitchen, which is the meal preparation area, may be divided in various sections. This sections include; cold kitchen for preparation of cold meals including fruits, salads, juices, cold desert and fruit. A saucier kitchen for preparation of hot meals such as meat, rice and vegetables. A bakery is used for all wheat based food including cakes and bread. Ingredients used in food preparation include vegetables, fruits, grains, fruits, herbs, spices, meat, dairy products, water, mineral and even wines and spirits.
Roasting-This is the application of heat suitable for meat products such as beef, mutton, chicken where the food is not in a container and cooks by direct exposure to heat. Some cooks use kitchen foil to maintain the moisture and texture of the food and prevent burning. The cook may use an oven or a barbeque fire. It can also be used for other food such as potatoes.
Baking- this form of cooking uses an oven and is mostly applicable for certain wheat products such as bread and cakes. Heat is applied at a constant rate for a specified period of time to achieve best results.
Boiling- This involves heating food in a container containing water until it is cooked. No other ingredient may be added into the water. It is suitable for such food as eggs.
Frying- This involves applying heat to food in a container such as a pan. Cooking oil is the main ingredient as id prevents the food from burning and adds to the flavor and texture.
Steaming. Moist food is heated with minimal heat for a short time. The food is in a container and uses little or no water. Ideal for vegetables
Smoking- more like heating on direct fire and mainly used for conserving food. Other forms of food preparation include blending juices, washing and cutting fruits, food arrangement and garnishing.
Excelling in the kitchen
- Learn. it is important to know what you are doing. Attend culinary school to learn good and new ideas. You can get practical experience both in school and in seminars. You can also buy a cookbook and a standard recipe card.
- Plan. Have your menu prepared in advance. Practice time management. Organize your ingredients, utensils and appliances. A farmers market will have quality and cheaper ingredients. If you have help it is important to communicate. Know how much you need. Have a store to create room and food storage. Organize your pantry. Use shelve to avoid piling up.
- Cleanliness. Have clean appliances to avoid cross- contamination. Clean as you go. Do not let garbage pile. Keep your bench or table clean .Cleanliness helps avoid food poisoning, clean grill after use. A lso clean pots after burning food.. Remove oven racks and clean them.
- Have good appliances. Make sure your knives are sharp. Use breadbox and cheese box, have hygienic storage. Use freezer bags and wrapping foils. Also have can and bottle openers to avoid hurting yourself. Have commercial equipment if you are preparing meals for groups.
- Measure the right ingredients such as salt, oil or spices.
- Be patient and do not be greedy.
For more information :- Palate Sensations Baking